20 March 2018

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11/26/2013 SYRIA -UN

Date fixed for Syrian peace conference. But doubts remain

The so-called "Geneva II" will be held on January 22. It will seek an end to violence and a transitional government with full powers ( without Assad ) . The opposition still divided on representation . Possible participation of Iran and Saudi Arabia.

New York City (AsiaNews / Agencies ) - The UN Secretary General Ban Ki- moon has announced that, the long-awaited peace conference on Syria will be held in Geneva on January 22. The UN , the U.S. , Russia , the Arab League have tried for months to bring together stakeholders and put an end to the conflict that has been destroying the country for two and a half years. But even now there are fears that some of the parties will abandon the negotiations or hinder them on the ground.

Ban Ki -moon said that the next conference (called " Geneva II") should be based on the statement drawn up by the UN Group of action in 2012.

This statement calls for an immediate end to the violence and formation "on the basis of mutual consent" of a transitional government with full powers over the army and security forces, which will include members of the opposition and members related to Assad .

Ban stressed that the parties must come to Geneva "with the serious intention to end a war that has already claimed more than 100 thousand deaths, nearly 9 million people uprooted from their homes, leaving untold numbers missing and prisoners ."

The Conference scheduled has already been scheduled several times but so far has never been held because of numerous vetoes and divisions .

Assad had never agreed to sit in front of the opponents , all branded as "terrorists " , the opposition wanted to be sure that Assad had no future in Syria. At the same time , the various opposition groups are divided over who has the right to represent the conference and several of them - especially radical Islamists - plan to continue their holy war in any case.

In the recent past, the U.S. ( and Saudi Arabia ) had vetoed the participation of Iran, Assad's sponsors . Instead Tehran's participation is backed by Russia .

It is still unclear if all these problems are solved. Ban Ki-moon has, however, stated that he expects "all regional and international partners to demonstrate their significant support for constructive negotiations "

Lakhdar Brahimi , the UN and the Arab League envoy for peace in Syria , said the Geneva II list of participants has not yet been established, but he thinks it will include Iran , and Saudi Arabia - which finances the rebels.

Brahimi will meet December 20 with representatives of the U.S. and Russia to attempt to draw up the list of participants .



See also

11/11/2013 SYRIA
Syrian opposition will participate in Geneva II, but only if Assad gives up power
The Syrian National Coalition announces its presence in Geneva, but calls for a transitional government without Assad and other members of the regime. The openings of the opposition reignite hopes for peace conference later this year.

21/01/2014 IRAN - UN - SYRIA
United Nations takes Iran off list for Geneva II. Tehran protests against US interference
For the UN, the Islamic Republic has not subscribed to the points outlined by the 2012 Peace Conference. The invitation to the meeting to be held tomorrow in Geneva had been submitted by the UN Secretary General on 19 November. The Syrian National Council leaves opposition bloc and will not participate in the talks.

21/12/2013 SYRIA - UN - IRAN
Lakhdar Brahimi: Iranian participation in Geneva II "uncertain"
The U.S. not convinced Tehran’s presence "would be the right thing." The United Nations and the Arab League envoy, however, adds that "Iran is not yet out of the game" , and can still contribute even if not by officially participating. The Iranian Foreign Minister calls for "a political solution" to the conflict in Syria. Islamist fringe rebels increasingly opposed to the Peace Conference

11/01/2017 18:31:00 KAZAKHSTAN – SYRIA
As Astana gets ready for Syria peace conference, opposition remains divided

Kazakhstan’s role will be limited to hosting the meeting. This means that Russia, Iran and Turkey will play the main role in solving the regional crisis. Erdogan reiterates partnership with Moscow. Only Syrian opposition groups sponsored by Ankara will be at the meeting. Other groups have been blocked.

31/10/2013 SYRIA
As OPCW destroys chemical plants, Assad insists only Syrians can "decide on Syria's future"
In his meeting with UN-Arab League Special Envoy Lakdhar Brahimi, the Syrian President slams foreign powers for providing weapons to the rebels. The tête-à-tête took place yesterday in Damascus ahead of the Geneva Conference, scheduled for late November. The OPCW announces the destruction of all the 20 plants that made sarin gas for chemical weapons.

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