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07/22/2005 PAKISTAN

Pakistan calls for a 'jihad' against Islamic fundamentalism

President Musharraf urges the nation to go on a 'holy war' against the terrorists and justifies cracking down on madrassas. Islamic parties protest on Friday in the name of religious freedom.

Faisalabad (AsiaNews) – In a televised speech to the nation, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf condemned terrorism yesterday. He called on Pakistanis to unite and justified cracking down on madrassas or Islamic schools, an action that has provoked strong protests by religious groups.

Mr Musharraf said that nation must join forces to fight extremism and engage in a 'jihad' or holy war against those who promote violence in society in the name of religion.

The President invited British Prime Minister to join him in fighting Islamic extremism in both countries.

"We certainly have a problem here which we are trying to address very strongly. But may I say that England also has a problem which needs to be addressed," he said.

Evidence of a Pakistani connection in the July 7 tragedy is getting stronger by the day. Three of the four suicide bombers are thought to have trained in Pakistan's Qu'ranic schools.

For the past three days under international pressure, Islamabad has carried out nation-wide raids in madrassas and homes of suspected Islamic militants.

In the last 48 hours, police has arrested 228 religious scholars and students.

The government also announced that all madrassas must be registered with the authorities by December of this year.

There are thousands of religious schools in Pakistan that offer free education in some of the remotest and most underdeveloped parts of the country, areas where the authorities are unable to know the content of the school curriculum followed.

According to the Education and Religious Affairs Ministry, there are anywhere between 8,000 and 10,000 Islamic schools.

The Election Commission on Tuesday announced that nomination papers of candidates having affiliation with any banned militant or sectarian group would not be accepted for the upcoming local government elections.

The Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal (MMA)—an influential alliance of six Islamic parties—condemned the actions of the police, calling them "an attack against religious freedom", and announced that it would hold a protest during today's Friday prayers.

Qazi Hussain Ahmad, chairman of the MMA, said that "General Musharraf is trying to get international media attention through counterproductive actions".

In his view, the government should have consulted religious parties to share information about the schools and their students and thus find a peacefully solution to the problem.

In a joint statement, MMA leaders accused the President of being under the thumb of London and Washington.

Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao vowed however that arrests under anti-terrorism laws would continue.

Not all Muslims are planning to join the protest. Pir Muhammad Ibrahim, head of Jamia Rehmania Rizvia School, told AsiaNews that "we are not worried about the government's crackdown on madrassas because it is not against all madrassas; only against militants and extremists who have been involved in terrorists' activities".

For this reason, Mr Ibrahim will not take part in the demonstrations organised by the MMA.

"We do not feel need for this," he said. "Schools should provide themselves lists of suspects to the government if they want to escape from government's raids."






See also

01/08/2005 PAKISTAN
Islamic parties against expulsion of foreign madrassa students
Opposition is developing to Musharraf's decision to repatriate foreigners studying at Pakistani religious schools.

28/07/2005 PAKISTAN
In seven days 600 Islamic fundamentalists rounded up
Many of them are thought involved in the growing sectarian violence between Sunnis and Shiites.

04/07/2007 PAKISTAN
Lal Masjid: the mosque that wants to talebanise the country (overview)
It abducts and intimidates; it has even set up its own Sharia court independent of the country’s judiciary; since January Islamabad’s ‘Red Mosque’ is tying down General Musharraf’s government.

11/01/2007 PAKISTAN
Islamabad to eliminate biases from school textbooks
The Education Ministry is preparing curriculum reform to remove anti-religious minority biases. Islamist parties are angry; Christian community is appreciative.

22/01/2008 EUROPEAN UNION - PAKISTAN
In Europe, Musharraf barters the fight against terrorism for human rights
The European tour of Pakistan's president got underway with a public meeting yesterday. Musharraf says he wants to change his country's negative image, but he is not talking about the hamstrung judicial system, and he characterises as "obsessive" the West's attention to human rights and democracy.


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